• Request support for nutrition coordination, information management and nutrition in emergencies

  • التماس الدعم لتنسيق التغذية وإدارة المعلومات والتغذية في حالات الطوارئ

  • Buscar apoyo para la coordinación de la nutrición, la gestión de la información y la nutrición en situaciones de emergencia

  • Demander un appui pour la coordination de la nutrition, la gestion de l'information et la nutrition dans les situations d'urgence

  • Solicite apoio para coordenação em nutrição, gestão de informação e nutrição em emergências

Ethiopia

The GNC Technical Alliance provided in-depth support for Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM), Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergency (IYCF-E), Assessment and management of at-risk Mothers and Infant (MAMI) to UNICCEF, Concern Worldwide, WFP and Goal Ethiopia from 2016- 2021.

Past support to Ethiopia

CMAM (2015-2016)
CMAM capacity assessment tool in Ethiopia can help you design your CMAM program

Requester:

UNICEF 

Background:  

The Government of Ethiopia was implementing the Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) approach by establishing health facilities at the kebele level (the smallest administrative unit). The CMAM approach includes four components: Community Mobilization, Outpatient Therapeutic Program (OTP), Stabilization Center (SC), and Targeted Supplementary Feeding Program (TSFP). Many parts of Ethiopia faced critical food shortages and an increased number of malnourished children following the failed two consecutive seasonal rainfall. According to the revised 2015 Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD) for Ethiopia (October 2015), an estimated 350,000 children are expected to be affected by severe malnutrition in 2015. Another 400,000 children were also forecasted to be admitted to the program for the treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in 2016. The Somali region was one of the regions seriously hit by the drought. The poor functioning health system in the region also worsens the situation demanding additional support. 

The request:  

 UNICEF requested Tech RRT support to help strengthen the CMAM program in Ethiopia in terms of service scale-up, case finding, program monitoring, and reporting.  

Key achievements:  

  • Delivered one Training of Trainers (ToT) at the regional level for scaling up OTP/TFU services.
  • Created a reporting system with support from CMAM monitors to continuously track the activities and achievements of the monitors. 
  • Conducted one capacity assessment. 
  • Strengthened CMAM technical working group among the cluster members (RHB & NGOs). 
  • Trained partners in the use of databases, monitoring tools, and interpretation of results for improvements and quality programming. 
  • Conducted a Joint field visit involving RHB, ENCU, NGOs, and CMAM monitors including a set of actionable recommendations. (RHB and partners). 
  • Developed packages of integrated messages in collaboration with other sectors. 
  • Conducted one debriefing meeting with the MoH and donors at the end of the assignment. 
  • Developed End of Mission report, for dissemination to UNICEF and partners. 

Resources:

CMAM Capacity assessment tool  

IYCF-E (2016)
GNC IYCF-E Technical Support to Ethiopia developed guidance for Mother to Mother Support Groups and actions for monitoring breastmilk substitutes.

Requester:

UNICEF 

Background:  

In 2015 the Government of Ethiopia implemented the Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) approach by establishing health facilities at the kebele level (the smallest administrative unit). This program uses a community-based approach to managing acute malnutrition among children and other vulnerable groups. Many parts of Ethiopia faced critical food shortages and an increased number of malnourished children following the failed two consecutive seasonal rainfall. Another 400,000 children were forecasted to be admitted to the program for the treatment of Severe Malnutrition (SAM) in 2016. The Somali region was one of the regions seriously hit by the drought. The poor functioning health system in the region also worsens the situation demanding additional support. 

The request:  

UNICEF requested GNC TST support to help strengthen the CMAM program in Ethiopia in terms of service scale-up, case finding, program monitoring, and reporting.  

Key achievements:  

  • Conducted a workshop with FMOH, Multi-Agency Nutrition Task Force, and UNICEF members to create awareness of IYCF-E, generate discussion on the implementation of an action plan including setting up an IYCF-E working group 
  • Developed curricula for an IYCF-E orientation for health workers on how to adapt IYCF to the current emergency context 
  • Developed guidance for Mother to Mother Support groups, and breastfeeding safe spaces and proposed actions for monitoring breast milk substitute donations and use 
  • Provided recommendations on IYCF-E-friendly activities to be integrated by other clusters (Health, WASH, Food Security, Education and Protection) 

 

You can find out more about  IYCF-E on our website or submit any questions or technical queries you may have through our request page

Assessment (2018)
Here is the SMART survey methodology and report to help you design your SMART nutrition survey

Requester:

UNICEF 

Background: 

Ethiopia suffered two of the worst drought waves in decades; these resulted in severe food and nutrition insecurity across the country, with the Somali Region among the most affected. In 2017 the Somali region alone shared 26% of total Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)) admissions in the country, a radical increase from 5% in normal years and this number is likely to increase in 2018. The proportion of children admitted to Stabilization Centers (SCs) also increased from 4% of all SAM admissions in 2016 to 8% in 2017. In response to the growing needs, UNICEF and thirteen NGOs supported the Somali Region Bureau to expand therapeutic feeding program (TFP) sites to 1,296 health facilities including 1,151 Outpatient and 143 SCs that continue to provide treatment for SAM cases across the Somali region. In addition, 210 Outreach sites managed by 35 Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNT) assist hard-to-reach Woredas and the population in IDP locations. In the Somali region, SMART survey(s) have not been conducted since 2016. As a result, there has been a loss of experience conducting SMART surveys due to the turnover of skilled staff.  

The request:  

UNICEF Jijiga Regional Office in consultation with the Regional Health Bureau (RHB) and Disaster Prevention & Preparedness Bureau (DPPB) requested support from the Tech RRT to build survey capacity in the Somali region so that surveys can be conducted in 2018 in 4 woredas ((Kelafo, Charati, Dolo Ado, and Gunagado. 

Key achievements:  

  • Led all phases of a Nutrition and Retrospective Mortality survey in Kelafo, Somali Region, Ethiopia from protocol development to final results presentations and reports. 
  • Conducted training of 18 staff (including 3 supervisors) for the survey and facilitated a 3.5-day Supervisor/Survey Manager training for the 3 supervisors which included elements of the SMART survey manager level training that will be applied when planning and implementing future surveys. 
  • Created two documents including; the Key Activities template for SMART surveys in the Somali Region and Pastoral Sampling in Kelafo Woreda to also be used for planning and implementing future surveys. 

Resources:

 

CMAM Coaching (2019-2020)
If you are interested in conducting CMAM training and coaching, here is how the GNC Technical Alliance previously supported Ethiopia

Requester:

Concern Worldwide 

Background: 

Somali region in Ethiopia faced an acute food and nutrition security crisis, with its third year of poor rains; with 83 out of 93 woredas classified as Priority 1 (P1), with the remaining 10 at P2, and the severe acute malnutrition (SAM) caseload already double the region’s projected estimate in the January 2017 Humanitarian Requirements. For the nutrition response, especially regarding Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM), UNICEF and its partners have highlighted multiple nutrition challenges including a lack of sufficiently trained staff, low coverage of CMAM programs, hard-to-reach remote and Internally Displace People (IDP)communities, NGO staffing restraints, poorly skilled staff, surge staff that lack experience in CMAM. Concern Worldwide has started an intervention in one Zone in Somalia and together with partners, Concern Worldwide started to map out additional contributions to improve capacity and quality response to CMAM.  

The request:  

The Tech RRT CMAM advisor was requested in three phases:

Phase 1 

  • to provide technical assistance to the response and kick start the capacity strengthening process through a capacity assessment, workshops to identify key barriers, and development of a framework and coaching package that can then be replicated by other NGOs. 

Phase 2  

  • To provide technical support and capacity building in Coaching and Mentoring capacity through both in-country and remote support to Concern Worldwide, Ethiopia. 

Phase 3 

  • Following the coaching skills assessment that was carried out in February 2020, we to have an internal experience-sharing discussion and use the rest of the deployment time to work with the team to harmonize the existing tools and incorporate coaching skills checks and reminders in the tools. 

Key achievements:

Phase 1 

  1. A capacity assessment was conducted at multiple levels. Key Stakeholder meetings were held at the Federal and Regional levels to discuss gaps. A capacity assessment was conducted at the health center/post level in 2 zones which included interviewing zonal nutrition focal points, health extension workers, and community members. Results were compiled in a final report and presented at both the federal and regional levels. A workshop was held at the regional level to determine the way forward and a framework for action was developed by all stakeholders in Jijiga and shared. 
  2. A coaching tool kit was developed as well as a coaching facilitators guide. Fifteen master trainers were trained during a week-long training. A cascade training is scheduled to train all zonal and woreda nutrition focal points and was approved by the regional level and the RENCU. A coaching toolkit including a list of master trainers was developed. The workshop report from the training was shared. 

Phase 2

  1. Practical and interactive training provided for 20-30 staff members (including training cascades), including role play and site visits where possible. 
  2. Training package with tools provided. 
  3. Conducted training and developed a training report following each visit with key issues identified and recommendations. 
  4. Developed final deployment report. 

Phase 3

  1. Shared and discussed coaching assessment results, and experience sharing with the team. 
  2. Conducted a refresher training (in Addis) for supervisors and nutrition managers on the coaching skills approach with a focus on aspects identified during the assessment that require particular improvement. 
  3. Reviewed and incorporated of coaching approach into the existing supervision tools. This would include SC, OTP, TSFP, BSFP, and IMNCI tools adapted to the Gambella context. 
  4. Developed an approach to continuously monitor and improve the implementation of the coaching approach. 

Resources:

 

Assesment (2019)
The GNC Technical support developed SMART survey protocols and facilitated training during Assessment support in Ethiopia

Requester:

Concern Worldwide 

Background: 

Concern Worldwide (CWW) began working in Ethiopia in 1973 with an emergency response, which later evolved into long-term development and resilience-building programs targeting selected woredas (districts) in eight of the nine kililoch (regions) of the country. Within current programs, CWW works to address issues of sustainability and to embrace a more holistic approach to programming by addressing multiple underlying causes of poverty and implementing integrated multisectoral projects. For many of the health and nutrition projects, a Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART)was part of the assessment. CWW previously had a large survey unit in Ethiopia and led surveys throughout the country. However, due to restructuring this unit was lost which led the organization to contract out to local consultants who often produced surveys of questionable quality. 

The request:  

In order to implement quality surveys, technical capacity strengthening was needed. CWW Ethiopia requested the Tech RRT support in strengthening the overall emergency nutrition response by building the capacity of response stakeholders in the implementation, analysis and reporting of emergency nutrition assessments on behalf of CWW and the Ethiopian Nutrition Coordinator Unit (ENCU).  

Key achievements:  

  • Provided technical support for the development of SMART survey protocols for Filtu and Salahad Woredas 
  • Refined and adapted survey tools for data collection 
  • Led the Salahad SMART surveyor training with 18 participants 
  • Led the implementation of the Salahad SMART survey 
  • Provided remote support to the survey manager of the Filtu SMART survey.

Resources 

IYCF-E (2020)
Capacity assessment resources developed in Ethiopia might help you in your IYCF-E programs

Requester:

WFP 

Background: 

 Public health emergencies were quite common in Ethiopia due to drought, flood, earthquake, epidemics of communicable diseases, dry and wet mass movement, and conflict. The 2019 Ethiopia Mini Demographic and Health Survey (EMDHS) showed that 37% of children under 5 were stunted and 12% were severely stunted. Additionally, there was a high percentage of wasted children with as much as 32% in some regions. With regards to Infant and Young Child Feeding IYCF), 59% of infants under six months were exclusively breastfed and 6% of infants under 6 months were not breastfed at all, a dangerous and life-threatening practice. The danger at which infants are placed in an emergency is impacted by whether the child is breastfed or non-breastfed and dependent on infant formula. Infants who are dependent on infant formula are extremely vulnerable, especially in an emergency setting. Maternal nutrition is important not only for the health of the mother but also for the child. One-quarter of women of reproductive age are undernourished, leaving their children predisposed to low birth weight, short stature, lower resistance to infections, and higher risk of disease and death. Among women with a live birth in the past 5 years, 60% took Iron Folic Acid (IFA) tablets during pregnancy, and 11% took them for the recommended period of 90 or more days.  

The request:  

The Tech RRT Remote Support was two-fold and happened in two different phases.

Phase 1

  • to support the coordination of Maternal, Infant and Young Child Feeding in Emergencies (MIYCN-E) and

Phase 2

  • to support nutrition sensitive integration of MIYCN-E in WFP programming amongst partners.  

Key achievements:  

Phase 1

  1. National Level MIYCN-E Policy Review Report and including an inventory of resources reviewed (nationally and internationally) 
  2. Developed MIYCN-E Capacity Assessment Report 
  3. Developed recommendations for the MIYCN coordination platform 
  4. Developed MIYCN-E Recommendations Coordination documents which look at programmatic readjustments (nutrition-specific and sensitive) 
  5. Developed a draft concept note for the WFP MIYCN-E integration plan (2-3 pages) (Audience: donors) 

Phase 2

  1. Field Report detailing technical support provided to WFP and partners and 
  2. recommendations for action plans 
  3. Developed presentation slides on a mission to debriefing partners 
  4. Finalized costed concept note for WFP MIYCN-E integration plan (2-3 pages) (Audience: donors) 
  5. Draft Policy brief (2 pages) for WFP outlining the importance of the IYCF-E approach and demonstrating potential impact (2-3 pages) (Audience: government, partners, and donors) 

Resources: 

IYCF-E capacity Assessment 

IYCF-E policy assessment 

IYCF-E COVID-19 document review   

 

MAMI (2021)
Find out and learn more about MAMI support in Ethiopia and contact the GNC Technical Alliance if you need MAMI support

Requester:

GOAL Ethiopia 

Background:  

A May 2018 multi-sector assessment highlighted the significant humanitarian needs, particularly in environmental health, hygiene and sanitation in Deder woreda which had a population of 314,935. The nutrition situation in the area was exacerbated by overcrowding and internal displacement on the Somali-Oromia border. The under-five population was estimated at 16.4%, with a birth rate of 3.4%. The prevalence of malnutrition for infants under 6 months is not known. However, a survey conducted for children under 5 years in October 2009 and October 2013 showed Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) fluctuating between 5.2% and 10%. In March 2017 screening showed a GAM of 3.8% in children 6-59 months. Given the persistent vulnerability of the woreda area in terms of food insecurity, high birth rate, and limited focus on maternal nutrition and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) it was needed the management of malnutrition for under 6 months using the MAMI approach. 

The request:  

Despite a dedicated Management of at-risk Mothers and Infants (MAMI) Advisor at GOAL Ethiopia, the position was new with little experience in MAMI. Therefore, GOAL Ethiopia requested technical support from Tech RRT MAMI Advisor to support and transfer knowledge to GOAL’s MAMI Advisor and to develop high-quality training materials for use in the RCT.  

Key achievements:  

  • Developed 3 MAMI modules for the MAMI training package for MAMI RISE RCT. 
  • Developed MAMI orientation package. 
Assessment (2021)
The Ethiopia nutrition guidance note can help you design your nutrition assessment

Requester:

AAH 

Background:  

The humanitarian situation in the Tigray Region was a deep concern for refugees. The ongoing conflict displaced more than 21 million people and left more than 5.2 million people in need of food and other humanitarian assistance. Malnutrition among young children and breastfeeding women was a major concern despite that humanitarian response is facing increasing threats and security risks. The ongoing conflict, on the other hand, hindered the timely collection of nutrition data to inform response programs as well as advocacy. Humanitarian workers were moved to safer places, worsening data collection such that there were no nutrition assessments conducted in the Northern part of Ethiopia. The little fainted nutrition data gathered indicates that 76,363 children in Tigray Region were screened with proxy Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) and Severe Acute (SAM) Malnutrition prevalence of 25.7% and 2.7% respectively. However, the data lacked credibility because it was not gathered by experts.   

The request: 

Due to the increase in humanitarian nutrition partners and more financial resources allocated in response to Tigray, there was a need to assess the nutrition situation. The  GNC TST advisor was requested to support nutrition data collection to understand the severity of the nutrition situation. 

Key achievements:  

  • Conducted capacity mapping assessment exercise targeting 31 participants from 12 organizations. 
  • Developed a capacity assessment report 
  • Developed a guidance note for the implementation of Nutrition Assessments in Northern Ethiopia 
  • Developed a draft NIS action Plan for Tigray 
  • Developed a survey proposal which was approved by FHI360, AAH, and SCI   

Resources:

Revised guidance note for implementation of nutrition assessment  

NiE 2022
Are you planning to develop your NiE strategy? The below past example to Ethiopia can help you

Requester:

UNICEF 

Background:  

The conflict in Tigray in November 2020 propelled the region to a complex crisis that made humanitarian response very difficult. The humanitarian situation was extremely dire and continued to deteriorate. Nutrition partners working at the community level noted challenges in accessing basic needs food, clothing, shelter, health, and nutrition services continued to heighten the vulnerabilities of girls and women to various forms of GBV including but not limited to sexual violence, sex for survival, sexual exploitation and abuse, intimate partner violence, and child marriage. The Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU) -estimated that in 2022 there were about 115,829 severely malnourished and 338,091 moderately malnourished children. No representative nutrition assessment has been conducted in the last 2 years but a desk review of secondary data during the Meher assessment unveiled a proxy SAM rate of 2.9% and GAM of 19.6% in the region. The ENCU partners in Tigray following the resumption of supplies in the region have embarked on scaling up the nutrition response, A trainer of trainers reached 84 health workers who are scheduled. Six active national NGOs were implementing nutrition activities. The Nutrition Cluster wanted to develop a nutrition cluster operational response plan and capacitation strategies that will harmonize the response approaches undertaken by humanitarian partners. 

The request:  

The Nutrition Cluster sought remote support from the GNC Technical Alliance to develop this response plan. 

Key achievements:  

  • Developed a list of nutrition actions 

  • Developed nutrition cluster operational response plan and capacitation strategies for Tigray 2022-2023 

  • Developed a package of tools that NGOs can use 

  • Developed an orientation package for partners to familiarize themselves with the tools 

Resources 

Tigray Nutrition Response Operational Plan and Capacity Plan

Tigray Comprehensive Nutrition Package

Orientation on the tools for Tigray nutrition Operational Plan and Capacitation Plan

IYCF-E 2023
Are you interested in developing IYCF-E program? The past example to Ethiopia can help you

Requester:

UNICEF 

Background:  

Malnutrition is a significant public health problem in Ethiopia. According to the 2019 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (EDHS), 53% of under-five mortality was associated with malnutrition while stunting at 37% and wasting at 7.27.2The prevalence of both stunting and wasting was higher than the average for Africa, which is 29.1% and 6.4%, respectively. Furthermore, the prevalence of wasting worsens during emergencies, requiring immediate nutrition response. Over the years, Ethiopia has experienced several disasters and man-made emergencies such as drought, floods, locust invasions, and conflict, which resulted in internal displacement and damage to crops and animals. These emergencies put children and mothers at a greater risk of malnutrition, by preventing communities from practicing proper IYCF behaviors and impeding access to essential health and nutrition services. Therefore, establishing and strengthening programs for the promotion, protection, and support of optimal IYCF practices was essential, particularly during emergencies. One program is the Infant and Young Child Feeding during Emergency which had several challenges including Limited coverage, limited information on IYCF-E needs of the population, lack of IYCF practices, and lack of procedures for care of nonbreastfed infants.  

The request:  

The national operational guideline for IYCFE was endorsed by the government, however, there was a need to operationalize it at all levels which includes orientation to health workers. Additionally, there was no standard for the national training manual for IYCF-E. The monitoring and reporting systems for IYCF practices were also lacking. As the GNC TST support was requested. This TST followed the previous support which was conducted in 2020. 

Key achievements:  

  • Developed a draft IYCF-E costed action and Implementation plan in consultation with the UNICEF Nutrition specialist. 

  • Developed the IYCF-E training manual working with IYCF-E TWG  

  • Integrated GBV-related activities in the training materials. 

Resources